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November 13 , 2017

Dictionary of Root Words: Greek and Latin Roots

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What are “Root Words”?

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Vocabulary Packets: Greek & Latin Roots: Ready-to-Go Learning Packets That Teach 40 Key Roots and Help Students Unlock the Meaning of Dozens and Dozen

Eight independent learning packets help students acquire more than 120 new words from common Greek and Latin roots! Also includes mini-picture cards!

A root, or root word is a word which is used to form another word. It is also called a base word. A root does not have a prefix (A letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word) or a suffix (A letter or group of letters added to the end of a word).
Root is the primary lexical unit of a word, and of a word family

For example, pure is a root. By adding prefixes and suffixes, the following words could be made:
impure, purity, pureness

Similarly, play and move are root words. By adding prefixes and suffixes, the following words could be made:
plays, played, playing, player
moving, movement, moved, movable, mover, movingly

In this book, I have given most common Greek and Latin roots which are used in English language

Root Words – A

AB/ABS
Origin: Latin
Meaning: away, from, off
Examples:
abate – to subside
abhor – to hate | related word: abhorrence
abject – hopeless
abjure – to renounce
abnormal – unusual | related words: abnormally, abnormality
abrasion – cut or scratch
abroad – out of the country
abscess – swelling
abscond – to run away | related word: absconder
abseil – to go down a steep cliff
absence – nonattendance | related words: absent / absentee / absenteeism / absentia / absently
absolute – complete
absolve – to forgive
absorb – to soak up | related words: absorbable / absorbance / absorbed / absorbency / absorbent / absorbing / absorption
abstain – to give up something for moral reason | related words: abstainer / abstention / abstinence
abstemious – critical
abstinent – not having something for moral reason
abstract – theoretical | related words: abstracted / abstractedly / abstraction / abstractly
abstruse – difficult to understand; obscure
absurd – ridiculous | related words: absurdist / absurdity / absurdly
abundance – plenty | related words: abundant / abundantly

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ALB
Origin: Latin
Meaning: white
Examples:
albino – somebody born with no pigment in skin | related word: albinism
albumen – white of an egg

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AMBI
Origin: Latin
Meaning: both
Examples:
ambiguous – double meaning; uncertain
ambidexterity – ability to use both the left and right hand equally well | related word: ambidextrous
ambivalent – showing both good and bad feelings

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ANIM
Origin: Latin
Meaning: breath, life
Examples:
animate – having life; to make something full of liveliness | related words: animated, animatedly, animation, animato, animator
animateur – a person who promotes social activities
animism – the belief that natural objects possesses soul | related words: animist, animistic

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AQUA
Origin: Latin
Meaning: water
Examples:
aquaculture – the act of growing of plants in water for food
aqualung – a device for breathing for divers
aquamarine – a pale greenish-blue stone or color
aquaplane – an equipment used in boat
aquarium – container to kept fish and water plants
aquarobics – physical exercises that are done in water
aquatic – growing near water

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AUD
Origin: Latin
Meaning: hearing
Examples:
audible – capable of being heard | related words: audibly, audibility
audience – crowd of listeners
auditorium – a building for public meetings, etc.

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Other Root Words – A
Root Word [Origin] – Meaning
a [Greek] – not
ab [Latin] – away, off
ablat [Latin] – remove
ablut [Latin] – wash
abort [Latin] – born too soon
abr [Greek] – delicate
abras [Latin] – rub off
abund [Latin] – overflow
aca [Greek] – point; silence
acanth [Greek] – thorn
acar [Greek] – tiny
acceler [Latin] – hasten
ace [Greek] – heal
acer [Latin] – sharp
acerb [Latin] – bitter
acet [Latin] – vinegar
ach [Greek] – pain
achr [Greek] – colorless
acid [Latin] – sour
acm [Greek] – summit
aco [Greek] – relief
acri [Latin] – bitter
acrib [Greek] – exact
acrit [Greek] – confused
acro [Greek] – height, summit
acut [Latin] – sharp
ad [Latin] – toward
ade [Greek] – enough
adip [Latin] – fat
adol [Greek] – genuine

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